Introduction to Linguistics

Language being one of the most common features of human development, the subject LINGUISTICS remains as popular as less understood branch of knowledge. Linguistics is scientific study of language as a system. Yet no language is taught as part of linguistics. Linguistics is name of skills once acquired can be applied on any language of the world. Modern linguistics has replaced grammar and is much more technical than the old grammar. In its original form, the discipline of Linguistics stands independent from its extensions like 'English (and) linguistics' and 'Psycholinguistics' etc. Against its subsidiary subjects, it is identified with adjectives like Basic, General, Real or Theoretical (linguistics). For sake of understanding, the subjects of linguistics can be divided into Primary and Secondary. Traditionally, the primary subjects of linguistics include Phonetics, Phonology, Syntax and Semantics. Acquisition of primary subjects